Instructions to Authors
Accepted Manuscript File Formats
Please submit your paper in MS Word (.doc or .docx) file format according to the detailed instructions given below. The number of pages is at the discretion of the authors. Average papers are 10-20 pages long. Use font no less than 10 (Times New Roman, Arial, Calibri – are preferable). When preparing your paper for publication, pay particular attention to your research methods, key results, and language. To ensure rapid review and publication, please adhere to the following guidelines.
Submissions must be original work. No copyrighted material should be included without proper permission. Originality, creativity, and a cross-disciplinary approach or perspective are strongly encouraged. Significant duplication of papers and parallel submissions are not allowed, and in such cases, the publisher reserves the right to withdraw publishing rights from authors and co-authors. The authors' responsibility is to check for possible copyright conflicts with any copyright holders and agree to our Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statements.
Manuscripts must be written in English. If English is not the author's mother tongue, we recommend that the paper be proofread to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality. The publisher can provide a copy-editing service for an additional payment.
General: Manuscripts must be type-written, double-spaced with wide margins. The first page of the manuscript should include (a) Title of Manuscript; (b) Names, addresses, and email addresses of all co-authors; (c) Name, complete address, telephone number, fax number, and email address of the corresponding author; and (d) Abstract. An electronic copy of the paper will be submitted for consideration and publication. The editors reserve the right to adjust the style to certain standards for uniformity.
Paper Length: The editors generally encourage brevity for all Research Papers. Short Communications will be given priority for rapid publication.
Abstracts: Abstracts should not exceed 250 words and should not contain a full reference.
Keywords: A minimum of 5 keywords must be included on a separate line below the main abstract and labeled "Keywords.” To optimize searching, avoid keywords already used in the title. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (for example: avoid words like 'and' 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be used. These keywords are essential for indexing purposes.
Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Author, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgments, Appendix, References, Figure Captions, and the Figures/Tables. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your main text file in MS Word format. Provide a separate PDF file of your manuscript text with the correct placement of figures and tables. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk. All other footnote numerals should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers.
Units: SI units should be used. If other units are necessary, include the conversion factor and add the non–standard unit in parentheses.
Symbols: Define in the text. Place an extensive list of symbols in an appendix.
Math: Avoid double suffix and punctuate carefully.
References: References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver style). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] (example: [1,2]. [1-10], there are no spaces between numbers) in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference number must be finalized, and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission. DOI of the references needs to be added, if available, at the end of each citation.
Journal titles are abbreviated in the style of NLM Title Abbreviations (for a list of accepted abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=journals>).
Every reference should end with a period, even if it means adding a period at the end of a doi.
See examples below of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:
1. Smith SD, Jones AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med 2001; 657: 230-5. doi:10.1093/bja/aer357.
2. Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust 2003; 432: 120-4.
Typical Chapter Reference:
Conference Paper and Proceedings:
Journal Article on the Internet:
Book/Monograph on the Internet:
Journal with Part/Supplement:
If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.
An issue with Supplement:
Volume with Part:
An issue with Part:
Foreign Language Materials - Latin-based scripts
Type of material: Book
Original language: Italian
- Book/article titles and names are written in Latin-based scripts (French, Spanish, German, etc.) can be cited with only minor adjustments.
- Provide a translation of the title in square brackets. Do not translate names written in Latin-based scripts.
Note: be mindful of grammatical rules in other languages. German, for example, capitalizes all nouns.
Foreign Language Materials - Non-Latin Scripts
Type of material: Book
Original language: Arabic
- Titles and names written in non-Latin scripts (Chinese, Arabic, Russian, etc.) must be transliterated before translating and citing. If you are uncomfortable transliterating material yourself, do not guess -- get help!
- Titles should be transliterated and translated into English.
- Names should be transliterated (not translated) and arranged in the "Western" order, e.g., ordered by surname in the reference list.
- When citing a foreign language journal, transliterate if necessary.
- Do not translate foreign journal titles into English.
Some important points to remember:
Digital Image Guide: Digital artwork should be prepared according to professional standards and must meet Journal requirements to be accepted for publication. Files that do not meet the guidelines will be rejected. Please refer to the instructions below when preparing images for publication.
To verify that you have fulfilled the requirements for electronic image preparation, use the following checklist. Each category is expanded below the checklist.
___ Black-and-white images are saved in grayscale mode (not black and white).
___ Photographic images are saved in RGB color mode (not CMYK or indexed color).
___ Files are submitted in native JPEG, TIFF, or PNG and are not embedded in another program such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, or Excel.
___ Charts or illustrations created in Microsoft Office (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) are submitted in native format and do not include embedded images.
___ Charts created in SPSS, SigmaPlot, or ChemDraw are submitted as JPEG, TIFF, or PNG images. (All charts must be exported to JPEG, TIFF, or PNG files and saved in separated files.)
___ All graphics are sized to 100% of their print dimensions so that no scaling is necessary (3.2" wide for 1-column figures and 6.4" wide for 2-column figures).
___ Images have been scanned according to our scanning guidelines.
___ Files are named using our recommended naming conventions.
A JPEG is made in most software programs by choosing File / Save as… or Export / JPEG or JPG or JPE. For more information, consult the Help menu of your software.
TIFF (Tagged Image File Format). TIFF format is also recommended for photographic images. When preparing TIFF images, be sure to refer to our scanning guidelines for proper resolution. When submitting TIFF files for publication, be sure to use the following guidelines:
A TIFF is made in most software programs by choosing File / Save as… or Export / TIFF or TIF.
PNG (Portable Network Graphics). PNG format is recommended for line art, charts, simple graphic images, and illustrations created using professional drawing programs such as Adobe Illustrator, SPSS, ChemDraw, or SigmaPlot. When submitting PNG files for publication, be sure to use the following guidelines:
Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint). Charts and illustrations created using Microsoft Office programs are acceptable. Do not submit Microsoft Office files that contain embedded images. When creating charts and illustration, preferably:
AVOID THE FOLLOWING:
Resolution and Scanning
If an image is 2.4" wide and needs to be 300 dpi/ppi at 3.2" wide, then
3.2 ÷ 2.4 = 1.33
1.33 × 300 = 399 – Round up to 400.
Thus, if the 2.4" image is scanned at 400 dpi/ppi, the Journal can properly convert the image to 3.2" wide at 300 dpi.
Tables should be numbered consecutively, and each table typed on a separate page. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript.
Our authors need to adhere to the ethical principles of publications strongly:
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return. The inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.
Regular Article Processing/Publishing Charges fee is $250 applies ONLY to accepted manuscripts. The journal does not charge a submission fee. Some discounts and/or waivers may be granted per request sent to an editor during the submission process with an explanation of hardship or the waiver's reason. The submission page states the updated publication charges; as soon as the author starts a new manuscript submission, he/she gets this information upfront.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post links to their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
LANGUAGE EDITING SERVICE
If English is not your native language, we will help you to make your paper sound perfect. We have manuscript editing service by native English (American) speakers with terminal degrees and publishing experience. Simple flat-rate pricing available. For editing support, please, contact Dr. Candace Myers at: email@example.com