The Predictive Role of Big 5 Personality Traits and Psychosocial Health in Marital Readiness.

  • Waqar Husain COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Pakeeza Majeed Department of Humanities, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Farrukh Ijaz Department of Humanities, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ahmad Husain Department of Humanities, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Marital Readiness, Marital Aptitude, Personality, Big-Five Personality Traits, Psychosocial Health, Mental Health, Wellbeing


Marital readiness has been regarded as a significant factor in a person’s decision-making process about marriage. Researchers have analyzed several psychosocial factors that play a role in increasing or decreasing marital readiness. However, the big five personality traits and psychosocial health were not studied earlier in relation to marital readiness. The current study was the first ever that analyzed the predictive role of the five big personality traits and psychosocial health in marital readiness. The study involved 1466 unmarried adult male and female participants. ‘Sukoon Marital Readiness Scale,’ ‘Psychosocial Health Evaluator,’ and Big-Five Inventory were administered along with a demographic sheet. Extraversion, agreeableness, openness, and psychosocial health were revealed as strong predictors of marital readiness. Men had significantly higher levels of marital readiness as compared to women. The current study was regarded as a novel and worthwhile contribution to the fields of personality, mental health, and marital readiness.


AIslam SMA, Patel R, Acevedo-Duncan M. Protein Kina McFadden J, Moore JL. Intercultural marriage and intimacy: Beyond the continental divide. Int J Adv Couns. 2001;23(4):261–8.

West R. Marriage, Sexuality, and Gender. 1st ed. Marriage, Sexuality, and Gender. Routledge; 2015.

Ponzetti JJ. International encyclopedia of marriage and family. Vol. 40, Choice Reviews Online. Macmillan Reference USA; 2003. 40–6177 p.

Eekelaar J. Why people marry: The many faces of an institution. Fam Law Q. 2007;41(3):413–31.

Terman LM, Buttenwieser P. Personality Factors in Marital Compatibility. J Soc Psychol. 1935;6(2):143–71.

Larson JH, Thayne TR. Marital attitudes and personal readiness for marriage of young adult children of

alcoholics. Alcohol Treat Q. 1998;16(4):59–73.

Carroll JS, Badger S, Willoughby BJ, Nelson LJ, Madsen SD, McNamara Barry C. Ready or not?: Criteria for marriage readiness among emerging adults. J Adolesc Res. 2009;24(3):349–75.

Mosko JE, Pistole MC. Attachment and Religiousness: Contributions to Young Adult Marital Attitudes and Readiness. Fam J. 2010;18(2):127–35.

Ghalili Z, Etemadi O, Ahmadi SA, Fatehizadeh M, Abedi MR. Marriage readiness criteria among young adults of Isfahan: a qualitative study. Int J Contemp Res Bus. 2012;4(4).

Fitria Ningrum DN, Latifah M, Krisnatuti D. Marital readiness: Exploring the key factors among university students. Humanit Indones Psychol J. 2021;18(1):65.

Yun RJ, Stern BL, Lenzenweger MF, Tiersky LA. Refining personality disorder subtypes and classification using finite mixture modeling. Personal Disord Theory, Res Treat. 2013;4(2):121–8.

Hills H. Personality and Learning. Individ Prefer e-Learning. 2018;5(10):97–122.

Darsana IM. The International Journal Of Management The Influence of Personality on Employee Performance through Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Int J Manag. 2014;3(4):1–8.

Bergner RM. What is personality? Two myths and a definition. New Ideas Psychol. 2020;57:100759.

Robins RW, Caspi A, Moffitt TE. Two personalities, one relationship: Both partners’ personality traits shape the quality of their relationship. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2000;79(2).

Baumert A, Schmitt M, Perugini M, Johnson W, Blum G, Borkenau P, et al. Integrating Personality Structure, Personality Process, and Personality Development. Eur J Pers. 2017;31(5):503–28.

Specht J, Bleidorn W, Denissen JJA, Hennecke M, Hutteman R, Kandler C, et al. What Drives Adult Personality Development? A Comparison of Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence. Eur J Pers. 2014;28(3):216–30.

McCrae RR, Costa PT. The Five Factor Theory of personality. In: John OP, Robins RW, Pervin LA, editors. Handbook of personality: Theory and research. The Guilford Press; 2008.

Noftle EE, Gust CJ. Age Differences Across Adulthood in Interpretations of Situations and Situation–Behaviour Contingencies for Big Five States. Eur J Pers. 2019;33(3):279–97.

Moffitt TE, Arseneault L, Belsky D, Dickson N, Hancox RJ, Harrington HL, et al. A gradient of childhood self

Control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108(7):2693–8.

Conger RD, Martin MJ, Masarik AS, Widaman KF, Donnellan MB. Social and economic antecedents and consequences of adolescent aggressive personality: Predictions from the interactionist model. Dev Psychopathol. 2015;27(4):1111–27.

McAdams DP, Olson BD. Personality development: Continuity and change over the life course. Annu Rev Psychol. 2010;61:517–42.

Roberts BW, Walton KE, Viechtbauer W. Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychol Bull. 2006;132(1):1–25.

Major DA, Turner JE, Fletcher TD. Linking proactive personality and the big five to motivation to learn and development activity. J Appl Psychol. 2006;91(4):927–35.

Murugesan R, Jayavelu R. The Influence of Big Five Personality Traits and Self-efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intention: The Role of Gender. J Entrep Innov Emerg Econ. 2017;3(1):41–61.

Mezquita L, Bravo AJ, Morizot J, Pilatti A, Pearson MR, Ibáñez MI, et al. Cross-cultural examination of the Big Five Personality Trait Short Questionnaire: Measurement invariance testing and associations with mental health. PLoS One. 2019;14(12):1–23.

Jensen JM, Patel PC. Predicting counterproductive work behavior from the interaction of personality traits. Pers Individ Dif. 2011;51(4):466–71.

Husain W. Components of psychosocial health. Health Educ. 2022 Apr 21;122(4):387–401.

Cooke PJ, Melchert TP, Connor K. Measuring Wellbeing: A Review of Instruments. Couns Psychol. 2016;44(5):730–57.

Barkham M, Broglia E, Dufour G, Fudge M, Knowles L, Percy A, et al. Towards an evidence-base for student wellbeing and mental health: Definitions, developmental transitions, and data sets. Couns Psychother Res. 2019;19(4):351–7.

Woloski-Wruble AC, Oliel Y, Leefsma M, Robinson D, Hochner-Celnikier D. Sexual Activities, Sexual and Life Satisfaction, and Successful Aging in Women. J Sex Med. 2010;7(7):2401–10.

Maslow A. Toward a psychology of being [Internet]. Toward a psychology of being. Princeton: D Van Nostrand; 1962. Available from:

Diener E, Oishi S, Lucas RE. Subjective Wellbeing: The Science of Happiness and Life Satisfaction. Oxford Handb Posit Psychol (2 Ed). 2012;2:63–73.

Sajjadian P, Kalantari M, Abedi MR, Nilforooshan P. Predictive Model of Happiness on the Basis of Positive Psychology Constructs. Rev Eur Stud. 2016;8(4):81.

Holmes TH, Rahe RH. The social readjustment rating scale. J Psychosom Res. 1967;11(2):213–8.

Webster AS, Wechsler D. The Measurement and Appraisal of Adult Intelligence. J Crim Law Criminol Police Sci. 1958;49(4):362.

Sternberg RJ. Images of mindfulness. J Soc Issues. 2000;56(1):11–26.

Jimenez T, Bultmann MN, Arndt J. Religion and health: building existential bridges. The Science of Religion, Spirituality, and Existentialism. INC; 2020. 455–468 p.

George LK, Ellison CG, Larson DB. Explaining the relationships between religious involvement and health. Psychol Inq. 2002;13(3):190–200.

Keyes CLM. The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. J Health Soc Behav. 2002;43(2):207–22.

Jung CG, Dell WS, Baynes CF. Modern man in search of a soul. London: Routledge; 2014. 1–254 p.

Ryff CD, Singer B. Interpersonal Flourishing: A Positive Health Agenda for the New Millennium Requests for reprints should be sent to. Personal Soc Psychol Rev. 2000;4(1):30–44.

Ismail Z, Ahmad Diah NAAB. Relationship Between Financial Wellbeing, Self-Esteem and Readiness for Marriage Among Final Year Students in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Malaysian J Soc Sci Humanit. 2020;5(6).

Hajihasani M, Sim T. Marital satisfaction among girls with early marriage in Iran: emotional intelligence and religious orientation. Vol. 24, International Journal of Adolescence and Youth. 2019. p. 297–306.

Gangoli G, Chantler K. Protecting victims of forced marriage: Is age a protective factor? Fem Leg Stud. 2009;17(3):267–88.

Carlson M, McLanahan S, England P. Union Formation in Fragile Families. Demography. 2004;41(2):237–61.

Xie Y, Raymo JM, Goyette K, Thornton A. Economic potential and entry into marriage and cohabitation. Demography. 2003;40(2):351–67.

Crissey SR. Race/ethnic differences in the marital expectations of adolescents: The role of romantic relationships. J Marriage Fam. 2005;67(3):697–709.

Willoughby BJ, Carroll JS. Sexual experience and couple formation attitudes among emerging adults. J Adult Dev. 2010;17(1):1–11.

Husain W, Gulzar A. The psychosocial preferences in mate selection among Pakistanis. FWU J Soc Sci. 2015;9(1):29–31.

Gibson-Davis C, Gassman-Pines A, Lehrman R. “His” and “Hers”: Meeting the Economic Bar to Marriage. Demography. 2018;55(6):2321–43.

Sciangula A, Morry MM. Self-esteem and perceived regard: How I see myself affects my relationship satisfaction. J Soc Psychol. 2009;149(2):143–58.

Sarfo EA, Yendork JS, Naidoo AV. Examining the intersection between marriage, perceived maturity and child marriage: perspectives of community elders in the Northern region of Ghana. Cult Heal Sex. 2021;23(7):991–1005.

Ampofo AA. “When men speak, women listen”: gender socialization and young adolescents’ attitudes to sexual and reproductive issues. Afr J Reprod Health. 2001;5(3):196–212.

Husain W, Nadeem A. Measurement of marital readiness to avoid possible divorce. J Divorce Remarriage. 2022;63(4):262–76.

John OP, Srivastava S. The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In: Pervin LA, John OP, editors. Handbook of personality: Theory and research. New York: Guilford Press; 1999. p. 102–138.

Oliver PJ. History, Measurement, and Conceptual Elaboration of the Big‑Five Trait Taxonomy: The Paradigm Matures. In: Robins RW, John OP, editors. Handbook of personality: Theory and research. New York: Guilford Press; 2021. p. 35–82.

Harris K, Vazire S. On friendship development and the Big Five personality traits. Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2016;10(11):647–67.

Weisberg YJ, De Young CG, Hirsh JB. Gender differences in personality across the ten aspects of the Big Five. Front Psychol. 2011;2(AUG):1–11.

Husain W. Women are the better halves: Gender-based variations in virtues and character strengths. J Hum Values. 2021;28(2):103–14.Robles TF, Slatcher RB, Trombello JM, McGinn MM. Marital quality and health: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull. 2014;140(1):140.

Robles TF, Slatcher RB, Trombello JM, McGinn MM. Marital quality and health: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull. 2014;140(1):140.

Whitton SW, Rhoades GK, Whisman MA. Fluctuation in relationship quality over time and individual wellbeing: Main, mediated, and moderated effects. Personal Soc Psychol Bull. 2014;40(7):858–71.

Carr D, Freedman VA, Cornman JC, Schwarz N. Happy marriage, happy life? Marital quality and

subjective well-being in later life. J Marriage Fam. 2014;76(5).

Fallahchai R, Fallahi M, Abbas B, Abbas B. © 2017, University of Hormozgan Publication Iranian Evolutionary Educational Psychology Journal. 2017;(1):14–22.

Larson JH, Benson MJ, Wilson SM, Medora N. Family of origin influences on marital attitudes and readiness for marriage in late adolescents. J Fam Issues. 1998;19(6):750–68.

Holman TB, Larson JH, Harmer SL. The Development and Predictive Validity of a New Premarital Assessment Instrument: The Preparation for Marriage Questionnaire. Fam Relat. 1994;43(1):46.

Husain W, Qureshi Z. Preferences in marital sexual practices and the role of pornography. Sexologies. 2016 Apr 1;25(2):e35–41.

Husain W. Barriers in Seeking Psychological Help: Public Perception in Pakistan. Community Ment Health J. 2020;56(1):75–8.

Husain W, Imran M. Infertility as seen by the infertile couples from a collectivistic culture. J Community Psychol. 2021;49(2):354–60..

How to Cite
Husain, W., Majeed, P., Ijaz, F., & Husain, M. A. (2023). The Predictive Role of Big 5 Personality Traits and Psychosocial Health in Marital Readiness. Journal of Internal Medicine: Science & Art, 4, 11 - 18.